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Waste Regulations - EU and UK

Any waste created by a business comes under the waste disposal regulations, even if that business is carried out from home.

General or Hazardous Waste

Waste is categorised as either general waste or as Hazardous waste. On this page I'm just dealing with general waste.
To see if any of your waste counts as Hazardous Waste, go to Is it hazardous?
For more information on dealing with hazardous waste, go to Hazardous Waste

Waste Classification Codes

Waste is classified by a series of 6 digit waste codes, which are grouped into 4 code types. The relevant wast codes are given below.
Code types are used to determine if the waste may be classified as hazardous or not, and are:

  • AN - Absolute non-hazardous. Not classified as hazardous waste, with a few exceptions
  • AH - Absolute hazardous. Always classified as hazardous waste, with a few exceptions
  • MN or MH - a pair of codes for Mirror hnon-hazardous or Mirror hazardous. The material may count as hazardous waste, and you need to determine if it is or not, and then select the code for MN or MH as applicable.

To determine if it counts as hazardous waste, go to ((EU and UK - Is it Hazardous Waste?|Is it hazardous?))
Section 10 12 covers wastes from manufacture of ceramic goods, bricks, tiles and construction products. This has the following subsections:

CodeDescriptionCode TypeExplanation
10 12 01Waste preparation mixture before thermal processingANUnfired clay, slip etc.
10 12 03Particulates and dustANe.g. from your hoover or air filters
10 12 05Sludges and filter cakes from gas treatmentANI think this is for large factories where they may have a scrubber to clean their kiln exhaust gases, so not applicable to studio potters
10 12 06Discarded mouldsAN
10 12 08Waste ceramics, bricks, tiles and construction products (after thermal processing)ANFired rejects
10 12 09*Solid wastes from gas treatment containing hazardous substancesMHAgain, not for studio potters
10 12 10Solid wastes from gas treatment other than those mentioned in 10 12 09MNAgain, not for studio potters
10 12 11*Wastes from glazing containing heavy metalsMHSee below for definition of heavy metals
10 12 12Wastes from glazing other than those mentioned in 10 12 11MN
10 12 13Sludge from on-site effluent treatmentANe.g. from your clay trap in your drains
10 12 99Wastes not otherwise specifiedANEverything else!

For these purposes, heavy metals are defined as any compound of antimony, cadmium, chromium(VI), copper ,lead, nickel, selenium and tin. Chromium (VI) excludes the normal green chrome oxide used by most potters, but may include more exotic materials like potassium dichromate.
Other categories that may apply to materials other than used strictly in the making are:

CodeDescriptionCode TypeExplanation
15 01 01Paper and cardboard packagingAN
15 01 02Plastic packagingAN
15 01 06Mixed packagingAN
15 01 10*Packaging containing residues of or contaminated by hazardous substancesAH
15 02 02Absorbents, filter materials, wiping cloths and protective clothing contaminated by hazardous substancesMH
15 02 03Absorbents, filter materials, wiping cloths and protective clothing other than those mentioned in 15 02 02MN
16 03 03*Inorganic wastes containing hazardous substancesMHFor any unused raw materials
16 03 04Inorganic wastes other than those mentioned in 16 03 03MHFor any unused raw materials
10 12 12Wastes from glazing other than those mentioned in 10 12 11MN
10 12 13Sludge from on-site effluent treatmentANe.g. from your clay trap in your drains
10 12 99Wastes not otherwise specifiedANEverything else!

For the packaging in 15 01, these only apply if the packaging only has minimal residues of the contents, so for example a half empty tin of paint would be categorised as paint, not as metallic packaging. If the packaging has any residues of its contents, and they are classified as a hazardous waste, then the packaging must be classified as 15 01 10.

General Waste

If you transport waste to be disposed of, you need to register as a "Waste carrier" - there is no charge for this in England and Wales if it is just to dispose of your own waste.
General waste needs to be sorted, and stored in labelled containers that won't let anything escape. When this waste is moved off your premises, you need to complete a waste transfer note, to be kept by yourself and the carrier for 2 years - it just describes the waste, and says where it is coming from, going to, and who is carrying it.