Lighting and Electrical Standards

I've given links to some of the standards, but they are copyright so not meant to be shared, and the links tend to come and go. Unfortunately they are also very expensive, so outside of the budget of most potters. If you are lucky enough to have a public library in your neighbourhood, they can often produce the standards for you to read. And if you do want to buy your own copy, it is worth shopping around, as prices can vary significantly.



IEC 60598 - Lamps and Luminaires

The international standard on lamps is IEC 60598. This is implemented in the EU as EN 60598, and in the UK as BS EN 60598.
The standard consists of multiple parts, as given below. Basically 60598-1 includes anything that could apply to any type of lamp, and then in part 2 the various subsections say which parts of 60598-1 apply to that type of lamp, plus sometimes adding in some more specific requirements. So the intention is that you start with the relevant section of part 2, and use that to guide you to the relevant sections in part 1.

60598-1Luminaires - General requirements and testsOverall requirements
60598-2-1Luminaires - Particular requirements - Fixed general purpose luminairesFor wall and ceiling mounted lamps
60598-2-2Luminaires - Particular requirements - Recessed luminairesFor lamps recessed into walls, floors and ceilings
60598-2-3Luminaires - Particular requirements - Luminaires for road and street lighting
60598-2-4Luminaires - Particular requirements - Portable general purpose luminairesFor table and floor lamps
60598-2-5Luminaires - Particular requirements - Floodlights
60598-2-6Not used at present
60598-2-7Not used at present
60598-2-8HandlampsTorches etc.
60598-2-9Photo and film luminaires (non-professional)
60598-2-10Portable luminaires for children
60598-2-11Aquarium luminaires
60598-2-12Mains socket-outlet mounted nightlights
60598-2-13Ground recessed luminaires
60598-2-14Luminaires for cold cathode tubular discharge lamps (neon tubes) and similar
60598-2-15Not used at present
60598-2-16Not used at present
60598-2-17Luminaires for stage lighting, television and film studios (outdoor and indoor)
60598-2-18Luminaires for swimming-pools and similar applications
60598-2-19Air-handling luminaires (safety requirements)e.g. lamps with built-in fans
60598-2-20Lighting chains
60598-2-21Sealed lighting chains
60598-2-22Luminaires for emergency lighting
60598-2-23Extra low voltage lighting systems for filament lampsClass III lighting - but just for incandescent and halogen type bulbs
60598-2-24Luminaires with limited surface temperatures
60598-2-25Luminaires for use in clinical areas of hospitals and health care buildings

IEC presentation on testing to IEC 60598-1: https://www.slideserve.com/tahir/principle-testing-of-iec-60598-1-iec-60598-2-1

IEC 60570 - Track lighting systems

Both mains and DC track lighting systems, where lamps are mounted on powered tracks. Download

IEC 61000 - EMC

This is a large standard - I've only listed the sections that could apply to lighting in a domestic environment. Part 4 is all about the different measuring and testing procedures, and part 6 lays down the specific requirements for different categories of devices. It would need access to both of these parts to cross-reference and determine which part 4 tests could be relevant to domestic lighting, and probably by someone with better knowledge in this area than myself.

61000-1-2 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). General. Methodology for the achievement of functional safety of electrical and electronic systems including equipment with regard to electromagnetic phenomena
61000-4Testing and measurement techniques. Sections below
61000-4-1Overview of immunity tests. Basic EMC publication
61000-4-2Electrostatic discharge immunity test. Basic EMC publication.Used in 61000-6-1
61000-4-3Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity testUsed in 61000-6-1
61000-4-4Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test. Basic EMC publicationUsed in 61000-6-1
61000-4-5Surge immunity testUsed in 61000-6-1
61000-4-6Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fieldsUsed in 61000-6-1
61000-4-7General guide on harmonics and interharmonics measurements and instrumentation, for power supply systems and equipment connected thereto
61000-4-8Power frequency magnetic field immunity test. Basic EMC publicationUsed in 61000-6-1
61000-4-9Pulse magnetic field immunity test. Basic EMC publication
61000-4-10Damped oscillatory magnetic field immunity test. Basic EMC publication
61000-4-11Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity testsUsed in 61000-6-1
61000-4-12Oscillatory waves immunity test. Basic EMC publication
61000-4-13Harmonics and interharmonics including mains signalling at a.c. power port, low frequency immunity tests
61000-4-14Voltage fluctuation immunity test for equipment with input current not exceeding 16 A per phase
61000-4-15Flickermeter. Functional and design specifications. Basic EMC publication
61000-4-16Test for immunity to conducted, common mode disturbances in the frequency range 0 Hz to 150 kHz
61000-4-17Ripple on d.c. input power port immunity testClass III lamps
61000-4-18Damped oscillatory wave immunity test
61000-4-19Test for immunity to conducted, differential mode disturbances and signalling in the frequency range 2 kHz to 150 kHz at a.c. power portsClasses I and II
61000-4-20Emission and immunity testing in transverse electromagnetic (TEM) waveguides
61000-4-21Reverberation chamber test methods
61000-4-22Radiated emission and immunity measurements in fully anechoic rooms (FARs)
61000-4-23Test methods for protective devices for HEMP and other radiated disturbances
61000-4-24Test methods for protective devices for HEMP conducted disturbance. Basic EMC publication
61000-4-25HEMP immunity test methods for equipment and systems
61000-4-27Unbalance, immunity test for equipment with input current not exceeding 16 A per phase
61000-4-28Variation of power frequency, immunity test for equipment with input current not exceeding 16 A per phase
61000-4-29Testing and measurement techniques. Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations on d.c. input power port immunity tests. Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations on d.c.input power ports. Immunity tests. Basic EMC Publication.
61000-4-30Power quality measurement methods
61000-4-31AC mains ports broadband conducted disturbance immunity test
61000-4-39Radiated fields in close proximity. Immunity test
61000-5Installation and mitigation guidelinesSections below
61000-5-5Specification of protective devices for HEMP conducted disturbance. Basic EMC publication
61000-5-7Degrees of protection by enclosures against electromagnetic disturbances (EM code). Degrees of protection against electromagnetic disturbances provided by enclosures (EM code)
61000-6Generic StandardsSections below
61000-6-1Immunity for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments
61000-6-3Emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments

Note that ISO 55014 covers EMC requirements for household appliances, but it specifically states that it does not cover lighting, so can be ignored.

IP Ratings - Environmental Standards for Enclosures

These are covered by ISO 60529.


The US adopts very few international standards, generally preferring to make their own national standards. Most electrical standards are produced by UL.
The standard for table and floor lamps is UL153 - Portable Electric Luminaires.
You can view it here (and download, though you have to upload a document first to unlock downloads) https://studylib.net/doc/8563908/ul-153-0-7629-0518-2-portable-electric-luminaires-underwr...# or here https://u.dianyuan.com/bbs/u/28/1113633956.pdf (though this version has a few missing pages).
There's also an article on wooden lamps in American Woodworker, December 1990 (p. 40ff), which you can read in Google Books here: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=jPsDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA40&lpg=PA40&hl=en&sa=X&q&f=false#v=onepage&q&f=false

Electrical Standards


BS767:2018 Requirements for Electrical Installations covers the basis for electrical wiring in buildings, whether domestic houses or work places. It may become relevant if you get involved in designing larger lighting systems for a building, rather than just individual lamps.