I've given links to some of the standards, but they are copyright so not meant to be shared, and the links tend to come and go. Unfortunately they are also very expensive, so outside of the budget of most potters. If you are lucky enough to have a public library in your neighbourhood, they can often produce the standards for you to read. And if you do want to buy your own copy, it is worth shopping around, as prices can vary significantly.
The international standard on lamps is IEC 60598. This is implemented in the EU as EN 60598, and in the UK as BS EN 60598.
The standard consists of multiple parts, as given below. Basically 60598-1 includes anything that could apply to any type of lamp, and then in part 2 the various subsections say which parts of 60598-1 apply to that type of lamp, plus sometimes adding in some more specific requirements. So the intention is that you start with the relevant section of part 2, and use that to guide you to the relevant sections in part 1.
|60598-1||Luminaires - General requirements and tests||Overall requirements|
|60598-2-1||Luminaires - Particular requirements - Fixed general purpose luminaires||For wall and ceiling mounted lamps|
|60598-2-2||Luminaires - Particular requirements - Recessed luminaires||For lamps recessed into walls, floors and ceilings|
|60598-2-3||Luminaires - Particular requirements - Luminaires for road and street lighting|
|60598-2-4||Luminaires - Particular requirements - Portable general purpose luminaires||For table and floor lamps|
|60598-2-5||Luminaires - Particular requirements - Floodlights|
|60598-2-6||Not used at present|
|60598-2-7||Not used at present|
|60598-2-9||Photo and film luminaires (non-professional)|
|60598-2-10||Portable luminaires for children|
|60598-2-12||Mains socket-outlet mounted nightlights|
|60598-2-13||Ground recessed luminaires|
|60598-2-14||Luminaires for cold cathode tubular discharge lamps (neon tubes) and similar|
|60598-2-15||Not used at present|
|60598-2-16||Not used at present|
|60598-2-17||Luminaires for stage lighting, television and film studios (outdoor and indoor)|
|60598-2-18||Luminaires for swimming-pools and similar applications|
|60598-2-19||Air-handling luminaires (safety requirements)||e.g. lamps with built-in fans|
|60598-2-21||Sealed lighting chains|
|60598-2-22||Luminaires for emergency lighting|
|60598-2-23||Extra low voltage lighting systems for filament lamps||Class III lighting - but just for incandescent and halogen type bulbs|
|60598-2-24||Luminaires with limited surface temperatures|
|60598-2-25||Luminaires for use in clinical areas of hospitals and health care buildings|
IEC presentation on testing to IEC 60598-1: https://www.slideserve.com/tahir/principle-testing-of-iec-60598-1-iec-60598-2-1
Both mains and DC track lighting systems, where lamps are mounted on powered tracks. Download
This is a large standard - I've only listed the sections that could apply to lighting in a domestic environment. Part 4 is all about the different measuring and testing procedures, and part 6 lays down the specific requirements for different categories of devices. It would need access to both of these parts to cross-reference and determine which part 4 tests could be relevant to domestic lighting, and probably by someone with better knowledge in this area than myself.
|61000-1-2||Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). General. Methodology for the achievement of functional safety of electrical and electronic systems including equipment with regard to electromagnetic phenomena|
|61000-4||Testing and measurement techniques.||Sections below|
|61000-4-1||Overview of immunity tests. Basic EMC publication|
|61000-4-2||Electrostatic discharge immunity test. Basic EMC publication.||Used in 61000-6-1|
|61000-4-3||Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test||Used in 61000-6-1|
|61000-4-4||Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test. Basic EMC publication||Used in 61000-6-1|
|61000-4-5||Surge immunity test||Used in 61000-6-1|
|61000-4-6||Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields||Used in 61000-6-1|
|61000-4-7||General guide on harmonics and interharmonics measurements and instrumentation, for power supply systems and equipment connected thereto|
|61000-4-8||Power frequency magnetic field immunity test. Basic EMC publication||Used in 61000-6-1|
|61000-4-9||Pulse magnetic field immunity test. Basic EMC publication|
|61000-4-10||Damped oscillatory magnetic field immunity test. Basic EMC publication|
|61000-4-11||Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity tests||Used in 61000-6-1|
|61000-4-12||Oscillatory waves immunity test. Basic EMC publication|
|61000-4-13||Harmonics and interharmonics including mains signalling at a.c. power port, low frequency immunity tests|
|61000-4-14||Voltage fluctuation immunity test for equipment with input current not exceeding 16 A per phase|
|61000-4-15||Flickermeter. Functional and design specifications. Basic EMC publication|
|61000-4-16||Test for immunity to conducted, common mode disturbances in the frequency range 0 Hz to 150 kHz|
|61000-4-17||Ripple on d.c. input power port immunity test||Class III lamps|
|61000-4-18||Damped oscillatory wave immunity test|
|61000-4-19||Test for immunity to conducted, differential mode disturbances and signalling in the frequency range 2 kHz to 150 kHz at a.c. power ports||Classes I and II|
|61000-4-20||Emission and immunity testing in transverse electromagnetic (TEM) waveguides|
|61000-4-21||Reverberation chamber test methods|
|61000-4-22||Radiated emission and immunity measurements in fully anechoic rooms (FARs)|
|61000-4-23||Test methods for protective devices for HEMP and other radiated disturbances|
|61000-4-24||Test methods for protective devices for HEMP conducted disturbance. Basic EMC publication|
|61000-4-25||HEMP immunity test methods for equipment and systems|
|61000-4-27||Unbalance, immunity test for equipment with input current not exceeding 16 A per phase|
|61000-4-28||Variation of power frequency, immunity test for equipment with input current not exceeding 16 A per phase|
|61000-4-29||Testing and measurement techniques. Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations on d.c. input power port immunity tests. Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations on d.c.input power ports. Immunity tests. Basic EMC Publication.|
|61000-4-30||Power quality measurement methods|
|61000-4-31||AC mains ports broadband conducted disturbance immunity test|
|61000-4-39||Radiated fields in close proximity. Immunity test|
|61000-5||Installation and mitigation guidelines||Sections below|
|61000-5-5||Specification of protective devices for HEMP conducted disturbance. Basic EMC publication|
|61000-5-7||Degrees of protection by enclosures against electromagnetic disturbances (EM code). Degrees of protection against electromagnetic disturbances provided by enclosures (EM code)|
|61000-6||Generic Standards||Sections below|
|61000-6-1||Immunity for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments|
|61000-6-3||Emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments|
Note that ISO 55014 covers EMC requirements for household appliances, but it specifically states that it does not cover lighting, so can be ignored.
These are covered by ISO 60529.
The US adopts very few international standards, generally preferring to make their own national standards. Most electrical standards are produced by UL.
The standard for table and floor lamps is UL153 - Portable Electric Luminaires.
You can view it here (and download, though you have to upload a document first to unlock downloads) https://studylib.net/doc/8563908/ul-153-0-7629-0518-2-portable-electric-luminaires-underwr...# or here https://u.dianyuan.com/bbs/u/28/1113633956.pdf (though this version has a few missing pages).
There's also an article on wooden lamps in American Woodworker, December 1990 (p. 40ff), which you can read in Google Books here: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=jPsDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA40&lpg=PA40&hl=en&sa=X&q&f=false#v=onepage&q&f=false
BS767:2018 Requirements for Electrical Installations covers the basis for electrical wiring in buildings, whether domestic houses or work places. It may become relevant if you get involved in designing larger lighting systems for a building, rather than just individual lamps.